Alert Format

Alerts received and sent by Alerta conform to a common alert format. All components of alerta use this message format and any external systems must produce or consume messages in this format also.


The following alert attributes are populated at source:

Attribute Description
resource resource under alarm, deliberately not host-centric
event event name eg. NodeDown, QUEUE:LENGTH:EXCEEDED
environment effected environment, used to namespace the resource
severity severity of alert (default normal). see Alert Severities table
correlate list of related event names
status status of alert (default open). see Alert Status table
service list of effected services
group event group used to group events of similar type
value event value eg. 100%, Down, PingFail, 55ms, ORA-1664
text freeform text description
tags set of tags in any format eg. aTag, aDouble:Tag, a:Triple=Tag
attributes dictionary of key-value pairs
origin name of monitoring component that generated the alert
type alert type eg. snmptrapAlert, syslogAlert, gangliaAlert
createTime UTC date-time the alert was generated in ISO8601 format
timeout number of seconds before alert is considered stale
rawData unprocessed data eg. full syslog message or SNMP trap


Only event and resource are mandatory.


If the reject plugin is enabled (which it is by default) then alerts must have an environment attribute that is one of either Production or Development and it must define a service attribute. For more information on configuring or disabling this plugin see Plugin Settings.

Attributes added when processing alerts

Attribute Description
id globally unique random UUID
customer assigned based on the owner of the API key used when submitting the alert, if “Customer Views” is enabled, or can be set if admin user
duplicateCount a count of the number of times this event has been received for a resource
repeat if duplicateCount is 0 or the alert status has changed then repeat is False, otherwise it is True
previousSeverity the previous severity of the same event for this resource. if no event or correlate events exist in the database for this resource then it will be unknown
trendIndication based on severity and previousSeverity will be one of moreSevere, lessSevere or noChange
receiveTime UTC datetime the alert was received by the Alerta server daemon
lastReceiveId the last alert id received for this event
lastReceiveTime the last time this alert was received. only different to receiveTime if the alert is a duplicate
updateTime the last time the alert status changed. used to calculate time remaining until an alert times out
history whenever an alert changes severity or status then a list of key alert attributes are appended to the history log

Alert Status

Status Status Code
open 1
assign 2
ack 3
closed 4
expired 5
blackout 6
shelved 7
unknown 9

Alert Severities

The Alarms in Syslog RFC 5674 was referenced when defining alert severities.

Severity Severity Code Colour
security 0 Black
critical 1 Red
major 2 Orange
minor 3 Yellow
warning 4 Blue
informational 5 Green
debug 6 Purple
trace 7 Grey
indeterminate 8 Silver
cleared 9 Green
normal 9 Green
ok 9 Green
unknown 10 Grey

History Entries

History log entries can be for either severity or status changes.

Attribute Description
id alert id that history log entry relates to
event event name of alert changing severity or status
severity (*) new severity of alert changing severity
status (+) new status of alert changing status
value (*) event value of alert changing severity
text text describing reason for severity or status change
type history type eg. action, status, severity or value change
updateTime UTC date-time the alert triggering the change was created


The severity and value attributes are only added to the history log for alerts with event changes (See * above). And the status attribute is only added to the history log for alerts with status changes (See + above).


  "attributes": {
    "flapping": false,
    "ip": "",
    "notify": true,
    "region": "EU"
  "correlate": [
  "createTime": "2018-01-27T21:00:12.999Z",
  "customer": null,
  "duplicateCount": 0,
  "environment": "Production",
  "event": "HttpServerError",
  "group": "Web",
  "history": [
      "event": "HttpServerError",
      "href": "http://localhost:8080/alert/17d8e7ea-b3ba-4bb1-9c5a-29e60865f258",
      "id": "17d8e7ea-b3ba-4bb1-9c5a-29e60865f258",
      "severity": "major",
      "status": null,
      "text": "Site is down.",
      "type": "severity",
      "updateTime": "2018-01-27T21:00:12.999Z",
      "value": "Bad Gateway (501)"
  "href": "http://localhost:8080/alert/17d8e7ea-b3ba-4bb1-9c5a-29e60865f258",
  "id": "17d8e7ea-b3ba-4bb1-9c5a-29e60865f258",
  "lastReceiveId": "17d8e7ea-b3ba-4bb1-9c5a-29e60865f258",
  "lastReceiveTime": "2018-01-27T21:00:13.070Z",
  "origin": "curl",
  "previousSeverity": "indeterminate",
  "rawData": null,
  "receiveTime": "2018-01-27T21:00:13.070Z",
  "repeat": false,
  "resource": "web01",
  "service": [
  "severity": "major",
  "status": "open",
  "tags": [
  "text": "Site is down.",
  "timeout": 86400,
  "trendIndication": "moreSevere",
  "type": "exceptionAlert",
  "value": "Bad Gateway (501)"